Pulse is an important group of crops in India, which is also responsible for yielding
large financial gains by amounting for a large part of the exports. Pulses are the major
sources of protein in the diet. Of all categories of people pulses form an integral part
of the Indian diet, providing much needed protein to the carbohydrate rich diet. India
is the largest producer of pulses in the world.
Most agro pulses are grown on non-irrigated land in India with growers
responding to winter rainfall conditions by reducing seeded area for the rabi season. Few
regions with high productivity are Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh,
West Bengal delta region, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, coastal and eastern
Karnataka and parts of Maharashtra. Major agro pulses are chickpeas (gram), pigeon pea
(tur or arhar), moong beans, urd (black matpe), masur (lentil), peas and various kinds of beans.